why is my cat peeing blood

Figuring Out “Why is My Cat Peeing Blood” in 2023

Spotting blood anywhere is alarming, especially in the litter box. If you’re questioning why is my cat peeing blood, it’s essential to understand the potential causes and take action. This is something no pet owner wants to overlook.


Brief Overview of the Problem – Cat Peeing Blood

When we notice that our beloved feline is urinating blood, it can be a cause for alarm and concern. This condition, also known as hematuria, can indicate a variety of underlying health issues that require prompt veterinary attention.

If left untreated, it could lead to severe complications or even become life-threatening. That is why it’s essential to seek immediate medical attention if you notice your cat peeing blood.

Cats are masters at hiding pain or discomfort, and sometimes they may not show any other visible symptoms apart from bloody urine. Therefore, it is up to us as their caretakers to observe our cats’ behavior closely to detect any changes in their routine.

Importance of the Topic – It Could Be a Sign of a Serious Health Issue

Hematuria in cats can be an indication of various health conditions ranging from mild infections to more severe problems such as cancer. Therefore it’s crucial not to ignore this condition when observed in your cat.

Some common causes of hematuria include urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder stones or crystals, feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD), and tumors or cancers. Each condition requires different treatments; therefore, prompt diagnosis by a veterinarian is crucial.

Ignoring this problem can result in kidney failure, bladder rupture which would require surgery or even death if left untreated for an extended period. Hematuria in cats should never be ignored; every case needs veterinary attention as soon as possible because the earlier the diagnosis and treatment implementation occur- the better chance for recovery.

Causes of Hematuria in Cats

Seeing blood in your cat’s urine can be alarming and should never be ignored. This symptom, known as hematuria, is not a disease but rather a sign that something is wrong with your feline friend. There are several causes of hematuria in cats:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

A UTI occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract and cause an infection. This can happen if your cat’s litter box isn’t clean enough or if they don’t drink enough water to flush out their system regularly.

UTIs are more common in female cats, but males can also get them too. Symptoms of a UTI include urinating frequently, straining to urinate, and pain or discomfort while urinating.

Bladder Stones or Crystals

Cats can develop bladder stones or crystals when minerals in their urine become too concentrated and form small crystals that eventually clump together to form stones. These blockages can affect the bladder’s ability to function properly and lead to hematuria, as well as other serious health issues such as kidney damage or failure. Symptoms of bladder stones or crystals include frequent urination with small amounts produced, straining while urinating, and blood in the urine.

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

FLUTD refers to a group of conditions that affect the lower urinary tract including the bladder and urethra. The exact cause of FLUTD is not always known but it has been linked to stress, obesity, poor diet, and genetics.

Symptoms include frequent attempts at urination without producing much urine output; straining while attempting to pee; licking around genitals excessively; presence of blood in urine; crying out in pain; and lethargy. Early recognition and treatment of FLUTD is important to prevent complications such as bladder infections, urinary blockages, and kidney damage.

Cancer or Tumors

While not as common as the other causes, certain types of cancer or tumors can also cause hematuria in cats. The most common types are bladder cancer and transitional cell carcinoma (TCC).

Symptoms of these conditions include frequent urination with small amounts produced, straining while urinating, blood in the urine, and pain or discomfort while urinating. Treatment usually involves surgical removal of the tumor along with chemotherapy or radiation therapy.

It’s important to remember that hematuria is not a disease but a symptom of an underlying condition. If you notice blood in your cat’s urine, it’s important to take them to see a veterinarian immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Visible Blood in Urine

One of the most obvious signs that your cat may be experiencing hematuria, or blood in their urine, is the presence of visible blood. This can range from a few red specks to a reddish-pink tint to the urine. It’s important to note that not all cats show visible blood in their urine, so it’s crucial to be aware of other symptoms as well.

Straining to Urinate

Another common symptom associated with hematuria in cats is straining while attempting to urinate. This could be due to inflammation or blockages along the urinary tract, which can cause pain and discomfort for your furry friend. Straining may also be accompanied by vocalizations or excessive licking of the genital area.

Frequent Urination with Small Amounts of Urine Produced

Along with straining, frequent urination with small amounts of urine produced is another indication that something may be wrong. Your cat may need to use the litter box more often than usual and only produce small amounts each time. This could also lead to accidents outside the litter box if your pet cannot make it there in time.

Diagnostic Tests: Physical Examination, Urinalysis, Blood Tests, Imaging Studies

If you notice any of these symptoms in your cat, it’s essential to take them for a thorough veterinary examination as soon as possible. A physical examination will likely include palpation of the bladder and urinary tract areas for any lumps or abnormalities.

Urinalysis will check for the presence of red and white blood cells and other substances indicative of inflammation or infection. Blood tests will assess kidney function and overall health status.

Imaging studies such as X-rays or ultrasounds may also be necessary to identify potential blockages or tumors within the urinary tract. These tests can determine the severity of your cat’s condition and help your veterinarian determine an appropriate course of treatment.

Recognizing the symptoms and obtaining a prompt diagnosis is crucial in determining the underlying cause of hematuria in cats. With proper veterinary care, including diagnostic testing and early intervention, you can help ensure that your cat enjoys a happy and healthy life.

Treatment Options

Antibiotics for UTIs

When a urinary tract infection (UTI) is the cause of hematuria in cats, antibiotics are typically the first line of treatment. Antibiotics work by killing the bacteria that cause the infection, relieving symptoms and preventing complications.

However, it is important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions carefully when administering antibiotics to your cat. Overuse or misuse of antibiotics can lead to antibiotic resistance and make future infections more difficult to treat.

Dietary changes to dissolve bladder stones or crystals

Bladder stones or crystals can be a painful and potentially serious health issue in cats. In some cases, dietary changes may be enough to dissolve the stones or crystals and prevent them from forming again.

Your veterinarian may recommend a special prescription diet that is formulated to maintain a healthy urinary pH level and reduce the likelihood of crystal formation. It is important to follow this diet strictly as prescribed by your veterinarian.

Pain management for FLUTD

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) can be a painful condition for cats, causing discomfort while urinating and straining. Pain management options may include medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or even opioids if necessary. However, it is essential that pain management medications are only administered under veterinary supervision.

Surgery for cancer or tumors

If cancer or tumors are found to be causing hematuria in your cat, surgery may be necessary to remove them. In some cases, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may also be recommended after surgery to prevent recurrence of cancer cells. Overall, treatment options will vary depending on the cause of hematuria in your cat.

It is important not to attempt any home remedies without consulting with your veterinarian first as this could worsen the situation. A veterinarian is the best person to diagnose and treat any urinary issues your cat may be experiencing, and they can guide you through the appropriate course of treatment.

Prevention Measures

Proper hydration through increased water intake

One of the best ways to prevent hematuria in cats is by ensuring that they are properly hydrated. Encouraging your cat to drink more water is essential in maintaining proper urinary function.

One way to achieve this is by providing your cat with a water fountain. Cats prefer moving water, and a fountain can encourage them to drink more frequently.

Another option is adding wet food to your cat’s diet. Wet food contains moisture, which can help keep your cat hydrated.

You can also add water to dry kibble or mix it with wet food. It’s important to note that dehydration can lead to serious health issues such as kidney failure, so it’s essential that your cat always has access to clean, fresh drinking water.

Regular veterinary check-ups and screenings

Regular visits to the vet are crucial in preventing health issues such as hematuria. During check-ups, veterinarians can perform routine tests and screenings that can detect early signs of possible conditions before they become serious. It’s recommended that cats have at least one veterinary visit per year for a routine check-up.

For senior cats or those with pre-existing conditions, more frequent visits may be necessary. In addition to physical exams, veterinarians may recommend blood work and urinalysis tests in order to detect any underlying health issues before they become worse.

Maintaining a clean litter box

A dirty litter box can lead not only to unpleasant odors but also urinary tract infections in cats. It’s important for pet owners to clean their cat’s litter box regularly and provide a comfortable environment for their pet.

Cats are naturally fastidious animals and prefer a clean litter box free from any mess or debris. In addition, if your cat does develop hematuria or another urinary issue, keeping the litter box clean can help prevent further complications.

It’s recommended that you scoop your cat’s litter box at least once per day and replace the litter completely every couple of weeks. This can help prevent bacterial growth and keep your cat healthy.


Preventing hematuria in cats requires proper hydration, regular veterinary check-ups, and maintaining a clean litter box. By following these preventative measures, pet owners can help their cats stay healthy and avoid serious health issues down the line. Remember to always consult with a veterinarian if you notice any changes in your cat’s behavior or urination habits.


Summary of Key Points

Hematuria, or blood in the urine, is a serious health issue that should never be ignored. It can be caused by a variety of factors such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder stones or crystals, Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD), cancer or tumors.

Hematuria will often present alongside other symptoms such as straining while urinating and frequent urination with small amounts of urine produced. A thorough diagnosis is important to determine the underlying cause and provide the appropriate treatment.

If you notice your cat peeing blood, it’s essential to seek veterinary care immediately. Hematuria can lead to severe complications if left untreated.

In many cases, treatment options such as antibiotics for UTIs and dietary changes to dissolve bladder stones can be highly effective in resolving the issue. However, if left untreated for too long, more severe treatments like surgery may become necessary.

The Importance of Seeking Veterinary Care if Your Cat is Peeing Blood

As mentioned earlier in this article, hematuria is not something you should attempt to diagnose or treat on your own. Only a qualified veterinarian will have the skills and equipment necessary to properly diagnose and treat potential underlying health issues that could be causing your cat’s hematuria. Attempting home remedies or over-the-counter solutions without proper veterinary care could worsen the problem.

Visiting your veterinarian early on can make all the difference when it comes to treating hematuria effectively. The sooner you catch any potential issues related to hematuria in cats, the easier they are likely to be treated by medical professionals.

Encouragement To Take Preventative Measures

While accidents happen from time-to-time, there are many ways owners can take preventative measures against their cats developing hematuria: – Increase water intake: Encouraging your cat to drink more water can help prevent UTIs, bladder crystals and stones from forming. – Proper hygiene: Make sure the litter box is clean and maintain a clean living area for your cat.

– Regular check-ups: Make sure to take your cat to the vet regularly for check-ups and screenings. Catching hematuria early on can make all the difference in treating it effectively.

Always seek veterinary care if you notice your cat peeing blood, and take preventative measures to avoid potential health issues. By following these simple steps, you will ensure that your cat’s urinary tract remains healthy and happy!

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