senior shih tzu

2023 Senior Shih Tzu Expert Tips

Aging gracefully, the senior shih tzu has unique needs and deserves extra love and attention. Let’s celebrate these golden-aged beauties.

The Importance of Senior Dog Care

As our pets age, just like humans, they require additional care and attention to ensure their health and well-being. This is especially true for senior dogs such as Shih Tzus, who are known for their loving and loyal personalities. Senior dog care is essential to maintain a high quality of life and extend their lifespan.

In this article, we will provide tips on how to take care of your aging Shih Tzu companion. As our furry friends age, their bodies undergo changes that can result in a variety of health concerns such as arthritis, vision or hearing loss, cognitive decline or other illnesses.

Proper senior dog care requires paying close attention to these changes to ensure that our companions receive the necessary treatment or support. An essential part of senior dog care includes regular vet checkups and screenings to monitor your pet’s health.

Another critical aspect of senior dog care is nutrition and exercise tailored towards the needs of aging pets. Proper nutrition is vital in maintaining your pet’s health during their golden years and may require adjustments based on weight management or specific dietary requirements due to underlying medical conditions.

Senior dogs typically have reduced mobility levels due to arthritis or other joint-related issues; thus, increasing the risk of obesity. With this in mind, it is important to provide low impact exercise routines that encourage moderate exercise while reducing strain on joints.

Grooming also becomes more critical as our pets age; dental hygiene becomes increasingly vital because periodontal disease can affect the overall well-being of your animal companion negatively. Furthermore, senior dogs may struggle with heat regulation that can lead to heat-related illnesses if not appropriately managed.

Emotional support plays an essential role in caring for any pet but especially older animals who may feel anxious from separation anxiety while mourning the loss of their youthful vigor. Providing additional support and comfort during this time can help reduce stress and anxiety and improve overall well-being.

Senior dog care is vital in ensuring that aging pets receive the necessary care, attention, and support they need to maintain a high quality of life. Through proper nutrition, exercise, grooming, regular vet checkups and screenings, comfortable living environments, and emotional support, you can make sure that your senior Shih Tzu companion enjoys their golden years fully.

Understanding Senior Shih Tzus

As your beloved Shih Tzu reaches their golden years, they will require more attention and care than they did when they were younger. The age at which a dog is considered “senior” can vary depending on the breed and size, but for most Shih Tzus, this begins around the age of 7.

Age range for senior dogs

Shih Tzus typically have a life expectancy of 10 to 16 years, with an average lifespan of 13 years. As they enter their senior years, you may notice significant changes in their health and behavior. It’s important to keep track of these changes and take necessary measures to ensure your senior Shih Tzu’s comfort and well-being.

Common health issues in senior Shih Tzus

Senior Shih Tzus are prone to various health issues that require close attention from their owners. These include dental problems, joint pain, urinary incontinence, cataracts or other eye conditions, heart disease and liver disease.

Dental hygiene is crucial for all dogs but especially so for seniors as plaque buildup can lead to infections that cause gum disease or tooth loss. Regular dental checkups combined with brushing their teeth will help maintain optimal oral health.

Arthritis is common among aging dogs including the Shih Tzu breed. Joint pain can cause stiffness making it difficult for your furry companion to get up or move around easily.

You may need to modify their environment (e.g., using ramps instead of stairs) or seek treatment options from a veterinarian such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acupuncture or physical therapy. Various eye conditions such as cataracts can occur as dogs age – sometimes leading to blindness if left untreated – making regular vet visits important in monitoring any vision changes or eye issues.

Signs of aging in Shih Tzus

Some signs that your Shih Tzu is entering their senior years include greying hair, a decrease in energy levels, and difficulty getting up or moving. Other symptoms can include hearing or vision loss, sleep changes, increased thirst and urination or weight gain. As with any breed recognizing the signs of aging early on can help you to provide better care for your beloved pet as they enter their senior years.

Nutrition and Diet

Importance of a Balanced Diet for Senior Dogs

A healthy and balanced diet is important for any dog, but it becomes even more crucial for senior dogs. As a Shih Tzu ages, its metabolism slows down, and its nutritional needs change. Therefore, it’s essential to give your senior Shih Tzu a well-balanced diet that meets its dietary requirements.

The main components of a balanced diet for senior Shih Tzus include quality protein sources like lean meats or fish, complex carbohydrates such as brown rice or sweet potatoes, healthy fats like fish oil or flaxseed oil, and plenty of fruits and vegetables. Furthermore, you should avoid feeding your Shih Tzu table scraps or processed foods as they contain high levels of salt and preservatives.

Recommended Food Types and Portions

Senior dogs tend to gain weight more easily than younger ones due to their sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, it’s essential to control their food portions to maintain their weight within healthy limits.

A serving size for an adult Shih Tzu is typically 1/4 – 1/2 cup per meal (twice daily). However, the actual amount may vary based on the dog’s age, activity level and health status.

When selecting food types for your senior Shih Tzu pick high-quality dog food that has been specially formulated for seniors. Such formulations may include added vitamins/minerals (such as glucosamine/chondroitin) to support joint health in aging dogs.

Supplements for Joint Health

Joint problems such as arthritis are common among aging dogs like senior Shih Tzus. To manage joint pain associated with arthritis or other aging-related issues in these dogs glucosamine/chondroitin supplements can be added to their diets as per vet recommendations.

Glucosamine and chondroitin are natural compounds that help to improve joint health in dogs by reducing inflammation, promoting cartilage formation, and slowing down the degenerative process. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil supplements can also help reduce joint inflammation and stiffness.

Water Intake

Senior Shih Tzus may experience dehydration especially if they have kidney problems. Therefore, it’s important to ensure that they drink enough water every day to keep hydrated.

Ideally, your senior Shih Tzu should drink at least 1 ounce of water per pound of body weight each day. Keep an eye out for signs of dehydration such as dry gums or skin.

Dietary Changes

As your Shih Tzu ages its GI system may become more sensitive; therefore, dietary changes should be made slowly over a week or so to ensure their digestive system adjusts accordingly. Additionally, consult with your veterinarian before making any drastic dietary changes in your senior Shih Tzu’s diet as there might be underlying conditions that require specific dietary adjustments.

Exercise and Activity

As our furry friends age, their bodies naturally slow down, and they may not be as energetic as they used to be. However, that doesn’t mean they should stop exercising altogether.

Regular exercise is essential for keeping your senior Shih Tzu healthy and active. You can adjust their exercise routines to suit their age and abilities.

Adjusting Exercise Routines for Seniors

Senior Shih Tzus require less intense activities compared to when they were younger. You can adjust the frequency, duration, and intensity of their exercises accordingly. For instance, instead of taking long walks or runs with your dog every day, try breaking it down into shorter sessions throughout the day.

This allows them to rest in between sessions. Another way to modify exercise routines is by switching from high-impact activities such as running or jumping to low-impact ones like swimming or walking on flat surfaces.

These activities help maintain mobility while minimizing joint stress. You should also avoid exercising your senior dog in extreme weather conditions such as hot summers or freezing winters since it can put strain on their breathing capacity.

Low Impact Activities to Maintain Mobility

Keeping your senior Shih Tzu mobile is essential for its overall health and wellbeing. Low impact exercises are perfect for maintaining mobility without putting too much stress on the joints. One way you can do this is through indoor games like hide-and-seek where you hide treats around the house and let them find it by sniffing around.

This game encourages mental stimulation while promoting physical activity at the same time. Other low-impact activities include short walks, gentle stretching exercises, slow jogs in moderate temperatures suitable for dogs with respiratory problems and slow-paced fetch games.

Mental Stimulation Exercises

Mental stimulation exercises benefit older dogs who may have trouble getting enough physical activity due to health issues. These activities help keep their minds sharp, increase mental acuity and prevent boredom. One such exercise is teaching new tricks or commands like ‘sit,’ ‘stay’, or ‘come.’ You can also try puzzles and interactive toys that stimulate your dog’s problem-solving skills.

Another option is to take your dog on a new route during walks to stimulate their senses, giving them new sights and smells to explore and discover. This simple change of scenery can make your dog happier, reducing stress levels, anxiety, and depression.

Senior Shih Tzus require less intense exercise routines compared to younger dogs. Adjusting exercise routines for seniors involves modifying frequency, duration, and intensity of activities combined with low-impact exercises like swimming or walking on flat surfaces.

Mental stimulation exercises like learning new tricks or commands are great for keeping the mind sharp while preventing boredom. Always consult with a veterinarian before starting any exercise program for your senior Shih Tzu friends.

Grooming and Hygiene

Changes in grooming needs for seniors

As dogs age, their grooming needs change. Senior Shih Tzus often have a harder time grooming themselves because of decreased mobility or arthritis.

This means that you may need to brush them more frequently to prevent matting of their coat. You should also keep an eye out for any skin irritations or hot spots that may develop on your senior dog’s skin, as they can be more prone to these issues.

It’s also important to trim your senior Shih Tzu’s nails regularly, as overgrown nails can cause discomfort and difficulty walking. If you’re not comfortable trimming their nails yourself, take them to a professional groomer or veterinarian.

Dental care tips for older dogs

Dental health is crucial for senior Shih Tzus, as they are prone to dental issues such as periodontal disease. You should brush your dog’s teeth at least twice a week with a toothbrush and toothpaste specifically designed for dogs. There are also dental chews and toys available that can help reduce tartar build-up on their teeth.

Regular dental check-ups with a veterinarian are also essential for maintaining your senior Shih Tzu’s oral health. Your vet may recommend professional dental cleanings if necessary.

Bathing frequency and products

Senior Shih Tzus generally do not need frequent baths unless they have gotten themselves dirty or smelly. Over-bathing can strip their skin of natural oils and dry it out, which can lead to irritation or itching.

When bathing your senior dog, use lukewarm water and a gentle shampoo that is formulated specifically for dogs. Be sure to rinse thoroughly so that no residue is left on their skin.

In addition to shampooing, it is important to clean your senior Shih Tzu’s ears regularly to prevent infection. You can use a gentle ear cleaner recommended by your veterinarian.

Overall, paying attention to your senior Shih Tzu’s grooming and hygiene needs is crucial for their overall health and wellbeing. By keeping up with their grooming routine, you can help them stay comfortable and happy in their golden years.

Health Monitoring and Preventative Care

Shih Tzus, like all other dog breeds, are prone to several health issues as they age. The risk of developing diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, heart disease and cancer increase with age.

Therefore, it is essential to make sure that you monitor your senior Shih Tzu’s health regularly. This means regular vet check-ups and screenings that can help catch any problems before they become serious.

Regular Vet Check-ups and Screenings

Senior Shih Tzus require more frequent vet visits than their younger counterparts. Regular check-ups will help you identify any potential health issues before they become a significant problem. During these visits, your veterinarian will assess your dog’s overall health status through physical examination and blood tests.

Routine screenings are also important for senior Shih Tzus to ensure they remain healthy. These screenings include urine analysis, blood work for organ function tests (such as liver and kidney), heartworm testing, and stool analysis for parasites.

Vaccinations, Medications, and Treatments

Vaccinations are critical in ensuring the overall well-being of your senior dog. Senior dogs may require different vaccination schedules than younger dogs because their immune system weakens with age.

Vaccines against diseases such as rabies or leptospirosis may be necessary depending on your location or lifestyle. Your veterinarian may also prescribe medications to manage chronic conditions like arthritis or hypertension.

It’s important to follow the dosage instructions strictly for medication prescribed by the vet. Treatments such as dental cleaning can also be crucial in maintaining good health in senior dogs as dental problems can lead to infections that can spread throughout the body.

Signs To Watch Out For That May Indicate A Health Issue

As a pet owner of an aging dog it’s important to watch out for any changes in your dog’s behavior or routine. It is essential to inform your vet if you notice any significant changes, as early detection can lead to better treatment outcomes. These signs may include weight loss or gain, difficulty walking, decreased appetite, vomiting and diarrhea.

It’s also important to monitor for the development of lumps or bumps on your senior Shih Tzu as these can be indicative of cancer. In addition, watch out for signs of pain such as lameness, reluctance to move around and excessive vocalization.

Preventative care and health monitoring are critical components when caring for a senior Shih Tzu. Regular vet check-ups and screenings, vaccinations, medications and treatments and observation of any changes in behavior will go a long way in ensuring the overall well-being of your aging companion.

Comfortable Living Environment

As Shih Tzus age, they may experience a decline in mobility and energy levels. It is important to create a comfortable living space that accommodates their changing needs.

This includes providing easy access to food, water, and sleeping areas. When creating a comfortable living environment for your senior Shih Tzu, consider their physical limitations.

If your dog has arthritis or joint pain, place their bed and food bowls at a height that is easy for them to reach without straining or causing discomfort. You may want to invest in ramps or stairs to help them get onto furniture or navigate stairs.

Another important aspect of creating a comfortable living space is ensuring that your home is free from hazards that could cause injury or accidents. This includes removing loose rugs or clutter that could be tripped over, as well as securing any loose electrical cords.

Senior-Friendly Accessories (e.g., Orthopedic Beds)

One of the most important accessories for senior Shih Tzus is an orthopedic bed. These beds provide extra support for joints and can help alleviate pain caused by arthritis or other joint issues.

When choosing an orthopedic bed for your senior Shih Tzu, look for one with high-density foam that will support their weight without flattening over time. You may also want to consider a bed with bolsters around the edges to provide additional support and comfort.

Other senior-friendly accessories include raised food and water bowls, which can help reduce strain on the neck and spine when eating and drinking. You may also want to invest in non-slip mats or booties to help your dog maintain traction on slippery surfaces such as tile or hardwood floors.

Managing Temperature Changes

Senior Shih Tzus can be more sensitive to temperature changes than younger dogs. They may have difficulty regulating their body temperature during extreme heat or cold, which can lead to discomfort or even health issues.

To help manage temperature changes, ensure that your home is well-insulated and that your dog has access to a comfortable temperature-controlled room. Avoid leaving them in cars during extreme weather conditions and limit their exposure to direct sunlight when outside.

You may also want to invest in cooling or heating pads for your senior Shih Tzu’s bed. These can help regulate their body temperature during extreme weather conditions and provide extra comfort year-round.


Creating a comfortable living environment for your senior Shih Tzu is essential for their health and well-being. By providing easy access to food, water, and sleeping areas, as well as investing in senior-friendly accessories such as orthopedic beds and raised food bowls, you can help alleviate pain caused by joint issues and ensure that your dog remains comfortable throughout their golden years.

Managing temperature changes is also an important aspect of creating a comfortable living environment. By ensuring that your home is well-insulated and providing cooling or heating pads for your dog’s bed, you can help regulate their body temperature during extreme weather conditions.

Overall, the key to creating a comfortable living environment for your senior Shih Tzu is understanding their changing needs as they age and adapting their surroundings accordingly. With the right care and attention, you can provide your aging companion with the comfort they deserve in their golden years.

Emotional Support

As your Shih Tzu ages, they may experience changes in their behavior that could indicate anxiety or depression. These symptoms can manifest as lethargy, decreased appetite, and a reluctance to engage in activities they once enjoyed. It’s important to recognize these symptoms early on and provide support for your aging companion.

Recognizing Signs of Anxiety or Depression

There are several signs that could indicate anxiety or depression in your senior Shih Tzu. If you notice any of the following symptoms in your pet, it’s essential to address them with your vet.

– Lethargy: Senior dogs tend to sleep more, but excessive napping could be a sign of depression. – Loss of appetite: Your dog’s appetite may decrease as they age, but if they’re not eating enough and losing weight, it’s time to see the vet.

– Avoidance: If your dog is avoiding activities they used to enjoy – going for walks or playing fetch – it could be due to physical pain or emotional distress. – Aggression: Changes in behavior such as growling or biting can be a sign of pain or discomfort.

Ways to Provide Emotional Support

There are several things you can do to provide emotional support for your senior Shih Tzu. First and foremost, make sure you’re spending quality time with them every day. Petting, cuddling, and talking can go a long way towards comforting an anxious pet.

Giving them space is also essential; let them have their own time alone without smothering them with attention all the time. Other ways you can help support their emotional health include:

– Providing natural remedies like chamomile tea – Playing calming music

– Using environmental aids like pheromone diffusers If these methods aren’t working effectively enough for your dog’s needs there are additional resources your vet can recommend, such as behavioral training or medication.

The Importance of Spending Quality Time

Spending quality time with your senior Shih Tzu is critical for their emotional wellbeing. By sharing a special bond with your pet, you’re showing them how much you care and love them. Engaging in activities they enjoy such as belly rubs, playing games, going for walks in a familiar environment will all help to keep them emotionally happy and healthy.

Giving your dog new experiences or introducing new toys can be a great way to challenge their minds and keep them active. Remember that every dog is different, so it’s essential to spend time understanding what works best for yours.


As our furry companions age, they need extra love and support from us. Caring for an aging Shih Tzu requires patience and attention to detail but the rewards are worth the effort of ensuring our pets are in good health mentally as well as physically. By following these tips on nutrition and diet, exercise and activity, grooming and hygiene, preventative care and providing emotional support will aid in improving the quality of life for our furry friends throughout their golden years.

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