english bulldog vs french bulldog

English Bulldog vs French Bulldog: Charm and Qualities

English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs share a similar name and many traits, but they also have distinct differences. Let’s compare the English Bulldog vs. French Bulldog in terms of appearance, temperament, and health.

Popularity of English and French bulldogs

Both English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs have gained massive popularity around the world due to their unique personalities and lovable appearances. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), both breeds are ranked within the top five most popular dog breeds in America.

English Bulldogs are particularly popular due to their iconic wrinkled faces, droopy expressions, and stocky builds that make them look like tough little soldiers. They are often depicted as symbols of strength or tenacity in advertisements or logos.

French Bulldogs are also beloved for their distinctive “bat ears,” compact size, playful nature, and cuddly temperament that makes them perfect lap dogs. They are often seen in popular culture as well, including movies, TV shows, and even on social media.

Purpose of comparison

Both English and French Bulldogs are beloved by dog owners around the world, but they have significant differences in terms of health, temperament, exercise needs, grooming requirements and more. This article aims to compare the two breeds in-depth to help prospective dog owners decide which breed is better suited for their lifestyle.

We will examine the key differences between these two popular bulldog breeds so that you can make an informed decision before bringing home a new furry friend. Whether you’re looking for a companion to cuddle with on the couch or a playful pup who can keep up with your active lifestyle, this article will guide you through all the important factors that you should consider when choosing between an English Bulldog or a French Bulldog.

Physical Characteristics

Size and Weight Differences

English and French bulldogs have some distinct differences in their size and weight. The English Bulldog is a larger breed, weighing between 40-50 pounds for males and 35-45 pounds for females. Males can reach a height of up to 16 inches at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller, reaching heights of up to 14 inches.

In contrast, French Bulldogs are much smaller, typically weighing between 16-28 pounds for males and females alike. They stand at around 11 to 12 inches tall at the shoulder.

The size difference between these two breeds is quite significant when you compare them side by side. English bulldogs are sturdy dogs with thick bones and a muscular build that makes them appear more formidable than their French counterparts.

Coat Colors and Patterns

English Bulldogs come in a variety of coat colors, including brindle, fawn, white or pied (a combination of any of these colors). The most common color is brindle with white markings on their chest or belly.

French bulldogs also have quite an array of coat colors including fawn (cream), brindle (a mixture of brown and black), white or pied (a combination). Both breeds have short-haired coats that require minimal grooming but still require regular brushing to keep their fur clean from any dirt or debris.

Facial Features

One thing that both breeds share is their unique facial features that set them apart from other dog breeds. The English Bulldog has a broad head with large jowls that give them a distinctive expression. Their wrinkles around the face add to their charm but also require extra attention since they need cleaning regularly.

In contrast, the French Bulldog has a rounder head with bat-like ears that sit high on its head giving it a comical look. French bulldogs also have wrinkles, but they are not as pronounced as those of the English Bulldog.

The differences in the facial structure of these two breeds are quite noticeable and contribute to their unique charm and personality. However, it’s important to note that these features can also lead to health issues such as breathing difficulties or skin irritations if not properly cared for.

The physical characteristics of English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs differ significantly in terms of size, coat colors and patterns, and facial features. These differences contribute to their individual charm and personality but need proper care from owners to avoid any health concerns that may arise.


The temperament of a dog is a crucial factor to consider when choosing a pet. Both English and French bulldogs are known for their unique personalities that make them great companion pets.

Personality Traits

English Bulldogs are known for their friendly, loyal, and courageous nature. They have a calm demeanor and love to laze around the house.

They have an affectionate nature towards their family members, especially children, but tend to be wary of strangers. French Bulldogs have a playful, loving, and energetic personality.

They love playing with their owners and enjoy cuddling up on the couch for some quality time together. While both breeds are known for being great with kids, English Bulldogs may be more cautious around young children due to their large size compared to French Bulldogs.


When it comes to training, both breeds have different learning styles based on their personalities but can still be trained successfully with patience and consistency. English Bulldogs can be stubborn at times, which may require more patience during training sessions.

However, they respond well to positive reinforcement techniques such as praise and treats. On the other hand, French Bulldogs can also be stubborn but tend to learn quickly if the training is consistent and fun.

They enjoy pleasing their owners and respond well to positive reinforcement methods like English Bulldogs. It’s essential to keep in mind that both breeds can become bored if training sessions are too long or monotonous.

Shorter sessions with plenty of playtime breaks work best in keeping them engaged during training. Overall, both English and French bulldogs exhibit unique personality traits that make them lovable pets while also requiring different approaches in training based on temperament differences between them.

Health Concerns

Common Health Issues in Both Breeds

Both English and French Bulldogs are prone to certain health issues, as with any breed. Understanding these conditions can help owners recognize symptoms and take preventative measures. One common issue both breeds face is obesity, which can lead to joint problems and heart disease.

Therefore, it is important to monitor their diet and exercise regularly. Another common condition in both breeds is skin allergies caused by environmental factors such as pollen or food sensitivities.

This can cause skin irritation, itching, and hair loss. Regular grooming and maintenance of their coat can help prevent this issue from becoming severe.

Hip dysplasia is another health concern that affects both breeds. This is a genetic condition where the hip joint does not develop properly, causing pain and discomfort for the dog.

It’s important to purchase puppies from reputable breeders who test for hip dysplasia in order to minimize the risk. Bulldogs of all kinds are known for their flat faces which puts them at risk for breathing difficulties such as Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome (BOAS).

Symptoms may include heavy breathing or wheezing during exercise or while sleeping. Owners should be aware of this possibility and consult a veterinarian if they notice any respiratory symptoms.

Breed Specific Health Concerns

While there are some common health issues between English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs, each breed also has its own specific conditions that require attention. English Bulldogs are susceptible to cherry eye which occurs when the third eyelid gland becomes inflamed causing a red swelling on the corner of an affected eye. They’re also prone to developing ear infections due to narrow ear canals that restrict airflow leading to moisture buildup.

French Bulldogs have unique anatomy with short tails known as screw tails or tight tails that can lead them at risk for spinal deformities like hemivertebrae. They also have a high prevalence of a genetic condition called Von Willebrand’s Disease, which is a blood clotting disorder.

Additionally, French Bulldogs are prone to a condition known as Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) caused by herniated discs in the spinal column, leading to pain and eventual paralysis. Owners should take extra care in monitoring their French Bulldog’s physical activity and limit activities that may put excessive stress on the spine.

Being informed about common health issues and breed-specific concerns can help owners better care for their bulldog and ensure their furry friend lives a happy and healthy life. Regular veterinarian check-ups can also catch any potential health problems early on.

Exercise and Grooming Needs


Both English and French bulldogs are considered low-energy breeds, but they still require daily exercise to maintain good health and prevent obesity. It’s important to note that English bulldogs tend to be more sedentary than French bulldogs, so their exercise needs may differ.

English Bulldogs should have at least 30 minutes of exercise a day, while French Bulldogs should have about an hour of exercise a day. Some suitable forms of exercise for these breeds include short walks around the neighborhood or playing fetch in the backyard.

It’s essential to keep in mind that both breeds are sensitive to heat and humidity, so it’s best to avoid exercising them during the hottest parts of the day. On the other hand, they can also get cold quickly in cooler weather, so it’s recommended to dress them appropriately during colder months.


The grooming requirements for each breed vary depending on their coat type and shedding tendencies. Both English and French Bulldogs have short coats that require minimal grooming compared to other dog breeds.

English Bulldogs shed moderately year-round and require weekly brushing with a soft-bristled brush or rubber curry brush. They also need their wrinkles cleaned regularly to prevent infections from developing.

Bathing should be done on an as-needed basis, typically every two months or so. French Bulldogs have a single coat that sheds minimally year-round, but they do tend to shed heavily twice a year during spring and fall season changes.

They require weekly brushing with a rubber curry brush or glove to remove loose fur effectively. As with English Bulldogs, cleaning their wrinkles is crucial for preventing infections from developing.

Both breeds’ ears should be checked regularly for signs of infection or irritation since they tend towards ear problems due to their unique ear shapes; cleaning them once a week is recommended. Additionally, brushing their teeth regularly is essential to maintain good dental hygiene and prevent tartar buildup.

Lifestyle Compatibility

Living Arrangements Suitable

When it comes to living arrangements, both English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs can adapt well to different spaces. However, due to their size and energy levels, they may require different amounts of space and exercise.

English Bulldogs are known for their lazy and laid-back personalities, making them great apartment dogs. They don’t need a lot of space to move around as long as they get enough exercise every day.

A daily walk of 20-30 minutes is sufficient for an English Bulldog. However, they are prone to heat stroke, so it’s important to keep them in a cool environment during hot weather.

In contrast, French Bulldogs are also suitable for apartments but require more exercise than English Bulldogs. They enjoy playing indoors or outdoors in a secure area but don’t need much space for running around.

They’re active but not overly energetic and need at least 30-60 minutes of exercise every day. Overall, both breeds can do well in small spaces if their exercise needs are met.

Family Compatibility

Both English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs make wonderful family pets due to their affectionate nature and loyalty. However, there are some factors to consider when choosing between the two breeds based on your family situation.

English Bulldogs have a calm temperament that makes them great with children and other pets. They love being around people and crave human interaction constantly.

This breed is known for being gentle with children but may accidentally knock over toddlers due to their large size. French Bulldogs also have a friendly personality that makes them good family dogs too.

They’re playful and get along well with kids, but unlike the English Bulldog, they don’t have high energy levels that require constant attention from their owners. However, they can be stubborn at times which may make training challenging.

It’s worth noting that both breeds can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. Therefore, they’re best suited for families where at least one person is home most of the day to keep them company.

Both English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs make great family pets but have some unique traits that may suit different families better. Ultimately, the decision should be based on your lifestyle and needs and not just the breed’s popularity or appearance.

Popularity and Cost Comparison

Popularity Ranking

When it comes to popularity, both English and French Bulldogs are well-loved by dog enthusiasts. However, French Bulldogs have been gaining a lot of attention in recent years and have even surpassed the English Bulldog in popularity. According to the American Kennel Club’s (AKC) 2020 ranking of dog breeds, French Bulldogs stand at number 4 while English Bulldogs are at number 12.

This ranking is based on the number of AKC registrations for each breed. The popularity of French Bulldogs can be attributed to their adorable looks, playful personality, and manageable size which makes them ideal for apartment living.

Additionally, they have become a popular choice for celebrities and influencers who showcase them on social media platforms. On the other hand, while English Bulldogs have a lower ranking than French Bulldogs, they still remain a beloved breed with many loyal fans who appreciate their unique charm and affectionate nature.

Cost Comparison of Owning

Before deciding to adopt or purchase either an English or French Bulldog as your pet, it’s important to consider the costs involved. Both breeds can be expensive due to their popularity and certain health issues that may arise.

The average cost of purchasing an English Bulldog from a reputable breeder ranges from $1,500 to $4,000 depending on factors such as the location of the breeder and bloodline. In addition to this initial cost, there will also be ongoing expenses such as food, grooming supplies, vet visits for vaccinations, and check-ups which can add up over time.

French Bulldogs usually cost more than English bulldogs due to their high demand; prospective owners should expect to pay between $1,500-$8,000 from reputable breeders depending on factors like coloration and lineage. Along with the initial cost, the ongoing expenses for French Bulldogs include food, grooming supplies, vet visits, and more.

It’s important to note that both breeds can also be prone to health issues that may require additional veterinary care and expenses. English Bulldogs are known to have breathing problems due to their short snouts while French Bulldogs can suffer from hip dysplasia and spinal disorders.

While there are costs involved in owning either an English or French Bulldog, it’s important to consider the expenses and whether it is a feasible option for your budget before making a decision. However, one thing is certain- whichever breed you choose will bring joy and companionship into your life for years to come.


After comparing English Bulldogs and French Bulldogs, it’s clear that both breeds have unique characteristics that make them great pets. When deciding which breed is right for you, it’s important to consider a variety of factors such as your lifestyle and personality. Here are some key points to consider when making your decision:

Key Points

English Bulldogs are larger and heavier than French Bulldogs, with broader shoulders and a wider chest. They also have a shorter muzzle and a bigger head. French Bulldogs are smaller in size and have a more compact structure with flatter noses.

Both breeds come in various coat colors, but English Bulldogs tend to sport more patterns than Frenchies. In terms of temperament, both breeds are friendly and affectionate towards their owners.

However, English Bulldogs can be stubborn at times while Frenchies have more energy which may make them harder to train. When it comes to health concerns, both breeds have potential issues related to their breathing due to the flatness of their faces.

However, English Bulldogs may also be prone to hip dysplasia while Frenchies are susceptible to spinal problems. Exercise needs vary between the two breeds as well; English Bulldogs require less physical activity while Frenchies need regular walks or playtime sessions outdoors.

Lifestyle compatibility is an important factor when choosing between these two popular bulldog breeds. Consider if you live in an apartment or house with sufficient space for your pet’s needs; whether you’re looking for a family dog or a companion for yourself; and if you have time for regular grooming routines.

Factors to Consider

When considering which breed is best suited for you, there are certain factors that should be taken into account: Size: If living space is limited or if you prefer smaller dogs then the French Bulldog might be a better fit for you. However, if you have more space or are looking for a bigger companion, the English Bulldog might be the right choice.

Personality: Both breeds make great pets, but their personalities differ slightly. English Bulldogs are more laid-back and easygoing while Frenchies have a bit more energy and playfulness.

Health Concerns: Both breeds have potential health issues related to their breathing due to brachycephalic syndrome. However, English Bulldogs may also suffer from hip dysplasia while Frenchies may experience spinal problems.

Exercise Needs: If you lead an active lifestyle or enjoy regular exercise then a French Bulldog might be a better fit for you since they require more physical activity than English Bulldogs. Grooming Needs: If you’re looking for a low-maintenance pet then the French Bulldog is definitely the way to go.

They need little grooming other than regular baths and brushing. On the other hand, English Bulldogs require frequent grooming due to their thick coats.

Personal Preference vs Practical

Ultimately, choosing between an English Bulldog and French Bulldog comes down to personal preference versus practical considerations. While both breeds have similarities in temperament and health concerns, they have distinct differences in size, energy level, exercise needs, grooming requirements, and overall compatibility with different living arrangements.

It’s important to consider all of these factors before making your decision on which breed is right for you. And remember – no matter what breed you choose as your furry companion – your love and care will make all the difference in ensuring that they lead happy and healthy lives.

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